Full-spectrum oil uses a refined CBD extract. The key compounds of cannabinoids and terpenes will be present along with some flavonoids. The fats, lipids, waxes and chlorophyll have usually been removed resulting in a very high-quality CBD oil.
Full-Spectrum CBD oil fully benefits from the entourage effect. By definition, full-spectrum CBD oil will contain controlled cannabinoids such as THC, CBN, or THCV. If the combined total amount of controlled cannabinoids is over 1mg per container, then the product is classed as a Schedule 1 drug under the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001 and is not legal to sell over-the-counter.
Broad-spectrum CBD oil uses a further refined CBD extract. The key compounds of cannabinoids and terpenes will be present with trace amounts of flavonoids. The fats, lipids, waxes and chlorophyll have been removed. Controlled cannabinoids such as THC, CBN and THCV have also been removed or largely removed. If the residual amount of controlled cannabinoids is less than 1mg per container then the broad-spectrum product will be legal to sell OTC as a food supplement. Broad-spectrum CBD oil benefits from the entourage effect, although not as much as full-spectrum due to the loss of direct receptor binding cannabinoids such as THC, CBN or THCV.
Isolate CBD is made from whole-plant, but all cannabinoids and terpenes have been removed and only pure CBD remains. Isolate CBD, CBG or CBC do not contain controlled cannabinoids like THC, CBN or THCV. Therefore, they are not classed as schedule 1 drugs and may be sold as a food supplement.